Motivation and emotion/Textbook/Motivation/Sexual motivation - Wikiversity

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However these views are greatly philosophical and lack any scientific evidence.Sexual motivation and the duration of partnership.In the plateau phase the penis becomes fully engorged and secrets seminal fluid.If a woman looses her partner she will usually discontinue sex for long periods of time or until another partner comes along.

Differentiating highly sexual women from less sexual women.Sex is a part of our every day lives.Over a period of nine years Kinsey and colleagues interviewed roughly 12, 000 American males and females, to determine sexual fact, void of social or moral interpretations.AgreeThe event met its goals.Brain activation and sexual arousal in healthy, hetersexual males.The interview study by Kinsey and colleagues was the pioneer large scale study to measure human sexual behaviour.Thus they could be faced with investing resources with offspring who are not genetically theirs.

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This causes a few issues of concern; firstly, participants may have given a socially desirable response, secondly respondents consisted of a highly homogenous sample, white and middle class, thus results cannot be generalised to the wider population.Firstly, men had the problem of finding women who were fertile and could bare children.Sex drive is measured across a number of domains including frequency of spontaneous sexual arousal, sexual fantasy, and masturbation.Testosterone as been positively associated with frequency of male and female sexual thoughts or fantasy.Sexual strategies theory: An evolutionary perspective on human mating.This chapter introduces psychological understandings of sexual motivation.One such problem is pregnancy because females are required to invest a great deal of time and energy.

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One explanation for these findings is not biological but instead cultural in the form of gender socialisation.However, there are great individual differences in sex drive.Hormonal correlates and causes of sexual desire: A review.Strongly agreeThe event met its goals.NeutralThe event was well organised.

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The observed variations were primarily duration and intensity of phases.NeutralThe event met its goals.When males were presented with sexually arousing videos areas in the insula and sub insular region of the brain were activated.It has been found across many studies that men think about sex more often, report more frequent arousal and have more frequent and variable fantasises, thus supporting the premise that men have a stronger sex drive.Thus sexual motivation is based on a combination of many aspects.Men have a preference for an average of 14 partners in their lifetime.The orgasmic phase is only a few seconds in duration.

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Their initial data collection had 237 distinct reasons as to why people have sex.Psychological sex differences: Origins through sexual selection.Masturbation has been identified as good indicator of sexual motivation or drive.These findings were also replicated in a homosexual sample.Strongly agreeThe event was well organised.Kinsey and his colleagues integrated themselves into the communities of people to gain their trust and respect in return for their honesty in responding about their sexual history.

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One hypothesis as to why sexual motivation is malleable in women may be due to women having a weaker sex drive then men, thus a motivation which is weaker can more susceptible.Pheromones are subliminal odours.Revisiting the concept of sexual motivation.Men want on average 14 partners, comparatively women reported only wanting two over their lifetime.However, this study showed that as women age their motives shift from emotional reasons to physical reasons.

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Questioning heterosexist assumptions of gender differences for romantic and sexually motivated behaviors.Each reason included sub reasons as listed in Table 1w.This was analysed down to four factors, physical reasons, goal attainment reasons, emotional reasons and insecurity reasons.Simplistically, external stimuli act as an incentive and eventually become conditioned.There are some notable evolutionary differences between males and females that can assist in understanding gender differences in sexual motivation.Sex in Australia: Summary findings of the Australian Study of Health and Relationships.Psychoendocrinology of human sexual behavior.

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Sexual behavior in the human male.Throughout history both genders were faced with problems which they have evolved and adapted to overcome.Odours that cannot be smelt, but instead are chemical messages which convey information between two or more individuals of the same species.Great illustrations of reseach finding.Now for a quiz to test your knowledge on the chapter of sexual motivation.New York, NY: Continuum.Annual Review of Sex Research, 10, 120.

It can be safe to say that men indeed do have a stronger sex drive than women, though this does not necessarily imply that they enjoy or get more pleasure from sex than women do.Strongly disagreeThe event met its goals.The Kinsey studies identified the diversity of human sexual behaviour.Research on pheromones, however, seems to be inconclusive and requires more investigation.Evidence shows that females have a higher plasticity than males.

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The stimuli in combination with drive must be effective to reach the orgasm phase.The brain can be considered the main sex organ in humans.However, unlike hunger and thirst, we will not die if we do not have sex.Testosterone is synthesised in the testes in males and the adrenal cortex in males and females.Furthermore, men report wanting more sex when they are single, in a relationship and overall desire more sexual partners in their lifespan.Sex drive is usually measured and understood in terms of frequency and intensity of desire.Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

In females, vaginal lubricant increases, the clitoris retracts and orgasm feels as though it is approaching.NeutralThe event had a positive impact on my career goals.Strongly agreeThe event had a positive impact on my career goals.Females, particularly, consisted of a greater variation of the cycle thus three variations of the sexual response cycle were created.However, procreation is not the only motive for people to engage in sexual activities.The Kinsey Reports provided a never before researched view of what was actually happening behind closed doors.

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These triggers set off physiological arousal, which works on a feedback loop system.Sexual motivation is a multidimensional construct.There has been no specific behaviour that has been directly linked to pheromones.Empirical evidence also supports the notion that men prefer sexual variety in comparison to women.DVDs and internet and masturbatory attitudes.

Testosterone plays an important role in sex drive of men and women.So why is it so motivating?Thus, there is yet to be repeated comprehensive findings to support the role of pheromones in sexual motivation.Does sexual motivation change in relationships?Is there a gender difference in strength of sex drive?

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DisagreeThe event was well organised.Masturbation can be defined as self gratification of sexual desire.Secondly women were faced with not only the problem of finding a man with resources but finding one who is willing to commit to the women and protect her children.Pheromones were once thought to be involved syncing of female menstrual cycle and subsequently be involved with human sexual motivation.His strategy was to gain a good rapport with the interviewee in hope that they would expose their sexual activities.New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.Sexual behavior in the human female.

It takes nine months of gestation and many more devoted to the subsequent lactation stage.Studies report that males masturbate far more often than females.Strongly disagreeThe event was well organised.Finally, research issues in sexual motivation are mainly due to the private nature of the topic.Sociocultural influences have been shown to effect sexual motivation, particularly in woman.

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The vagina begins to secret lubricant.Gender differences in erotic plasticity: The female sex drive as socially flexible and responsive.The physiology of motivation.Empirical evidence shows that men have a stronger sex drive than women As most people would agree, males have a stronger sex drive in comparison to women.There are distinct differences between less and highly sexual women.This could explain why older women, known as cougars, pursue much younger men.Theories of sexual motivation are based around incentives but also external stimuli and internal events.

Do odours play a role in sexual motivation?Empirical evidence shows that males have a stronger sex drive than women, men are more inclined to think about sex more, want more sexual partners, masturbate more, maintain a stronger sex drive in a long term relationship, and have a strong sex drive throughout most of their lives.Want to know your Sex IQ?The brain and other regions in the body are responsible for the release of hormones which assist in altering sexual arousal.Another indicator of higher sexual drive is the willingness to forgo sex.

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AgreeThe event had a positive impact on my career goals.The Human Sexual Response Cycle is the physiological cycle during typical sexual stimulation.Thus, odours and smell probably play a much greater role than we think in human social interactions, sexual attraction, sexual arousal, mating, boding and parenting.DisagreeThe event met its goals.This poses a threatening problem to females as they must find and secure a reliable and replenishable supply of resources which will take them through the term of pregnancy.Disorders of Sexual desire: and other new concepts and techniques in sex therapy.

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The main difference is the desire phase, which encompasses activation of the brain system, is responsible for sexual desire such as the limbic system, receptor cells and circuits, and secondly the physiological mechanisms such as electrical and chemical events.The scent of Eros: Mysteries of Odor in Human Sexuality.Gender and sexual motivation: An exploration of two assumptions.Evidence supports the notion that visual stimuli assists with arousal.However, even though women were faced with hefty burdens to reproduce, men were also faced with several problems.To generate new life we need to have sex!Low testosterone levels have been associated with a low sex drive in both males and females.

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Effective, appropriate use of imagesI loved the gender differences slide!Meston and Buss conducted a thorough investigation to determine the psychological motives as to why humans engage in sexual intercourse.PressureMate GuardingEmotionalLove and CommitmentExpressionNote.Strongly disagreeThe event had a positive impact on my career goals.Unsurprisingly, women exceeded men in emotional motivations for sex.

The term used to describe the malleability of sexual motivation is erotic plasticity.Those who have a high plasticity can easily adapt to such factors alternatively those with a low plasticity are more likely to have a stronger biological drive.AgreeThe event was well organised.Human pheromones Harvard Medical School Health.Women typically are motivated to engage in sexual intercourse to express love and men are typically motivated by physical factors.

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During the resolution phase the body returns back to its unaroused state.FactDid you know that half ofAustralian men born between1981 and 1986have had sexbefore the age of 16!However the sample was not representative of the general population as it consisted predominately of white, middle class individuals who lived in major cities.This presentation provides a solid, interesting summary of key chapter content.Visual processing plays a major role in the activation of certain brain areas and associated sexual arousal.Excellent to see the research methods critiqueImage attributions?

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An integrative theoretical framework for understanding sexual motivation, arousal, and behavior.The event was well organised.DisagreeThe event had a positive impact on my career goals.Kinsey, a zoologist, wanted to create a taxonomy of sexual behavior, usually constructed in biology.Women are more likely to report never masturbating.After reading this chapter you will have an understanding of some of the most influential studies in human sexual behavior, the evolution of human sexual behavior, the physiology, gender differences, the role of pheromones, the psychological motives, sociocultural influences and finally research issues in the field of sexual motivation.New York, NY: Praeger Publishers.

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Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company.The psychology of sexual motivation shows four main factors for reasons why people engage in sexual intercourse, these being physical, goal attainment, insecurity and emotional.The event had a positive impact on my career goals.This organ is responsible for detecting pheromones via receptors, which relay information to the brain and trigger hormone changes, readying an animal for sexual activity.If the drive or stimuli is withdrawn or inadequate the individual may not reach the orgasm phase and drop into resolution phase.The event met its goals.However, Klusmann found an exception to the rule of female sexual motivation.

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There is not one factor, motive or thought that can explain sexual motivation, instead it is a subjective motive, specific to an individual.Conditioned stimuli from external visual cues and internal, such as in the imagination then become a trigger to sexual motivation.Gender and erotic plasticity: Sociocultural influences on the sex drive.Why humans have sex.The theory of human pheromones is based on the premise that we are not dissimilar to the biological structures and physiological responses that we share with other animals.

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The core of human sexual motivation was encapsulated by the most frequently rated reasons for why people have sex which included attraction, pleasure, affection, love, romance, emotional closeness, arousal, the desire to please, adventure, excitement, experience, connection, celebration, curiosity and opportunity.There is great diversity of sexual motivation between individuals.When developing this model Masters and Johnson observed various couples partaking in sexual intercourse, they noted that the phases varied greatly from one individual to the other.What are the gender differences in sexual motivation?This supports the hypothesis that men are more sexually aroused by visual sexual cues then are women.Thus the exchange of saliva through kissing may be one common way in which humans exchange their sex pheromones.Sexual motivation is a multidimensional, hierarchical concept that has been equated to that of the motivation of hunger and thirst, primarily due to the similar physiological responses involved.

Sexual Motivation is the subjective drive or force that generates our level or sexual interest at any given time.It is proposed that the scent of pheromones is released through all areas of the body via skin cell secretions and gaseous glandular secretions in the skin, scalp, feet, mouth, breast, armpits and genital area.Sexual motivation is the drive that generates our sexual interest.Due to sex being mostly a private activity, researching sexual motivation can be a complex task.However, as romantic as the notion that sexual motivation is driven by pheromones is, so far it is speculative.

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